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Faculty Profiles

Mark Looney, MD
M_MED-PULM-CORE
Professor

513 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco, CA 94143
415-476-9563
Mark.Looney@ucsf.edu

Mark R. Looney, MD is a Professor of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine and Attending Physician on the Pulmonary Consult Service and the Intensive Care Units at UCSF. He received his undergraduate degree from Lipscomb University in Nashville, Tennessee in 1994 and his medical degree from the University of Tennessee, Memphis in 1998. He then came to UCSF where he completed his residency in Internal Medicine, a fellowship in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, and research training in the Cardiovascular Research Institute.


Research Interests


My lab is broadly focused on innate immune biology in the lung. Thematic areas include neutrophil and platelet biology as applied to a variety of pulmonary disease states including acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation, and cystic fibrosis. A major interest is the application of multiphoton intravital lung microscopy as a discovery tool to aid in the study of lung biology, including novel studies on the role of the pulmonary circulation in platelet biogenesis and the hematopoietic potential of the lung. Our overall goal is to identify new mechanisms responsible for lung inflammation and injury and to develop novel therapies to combat lung disease.

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
University of California, San Francisco Residency Internal Medicine 2001
University of Tennessee M.D. School of Medicine 1998

Related Web Sites

Recent Articles (63)

Lefrançais E, Looney MR. Neutralizing Extracellular Histones in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. A New Role for an Endogenous Pathway. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Jul 15; 196(2):122-124.

Mallavia B, Kwaan N, Marschner S, Yonemura S, Looney MR. Mirasol pathogen reduction technology treatment of human whole blood does not induce acute lung injury in mice. PLoS One. 2017; 12(6):e0178725.

Roubinian NH, Looney MR, Keating S, Kor DJ, Lowell CA, Gajic O, Hubmayr R, Gropper M, Koenigsberg M, Wilson GA, A Matthay M, Toy P, Murphy EL. Differentiating pulmonary transfusion reactions using recipient and transfusion factors. Transfusion. 2017 Jul; 57(7):1684-1690.

Yipp BG, Kim JH, Lima R, Zbytnuik LD, Petri B, Swanlund N, Ho M, Szeto VG, Tak T, Koenderman L, Pickkers P, Tool ATJ, Kuijpers TW, van den Berg TK, Looney MR, Krummel MF, Kubes P. The Lung is a Host Defense Niche for Immediate Neutrophil-Mediated Vascular Protection. Sci Immunol. 2017 Apr 28; 2(10).

Santhosh L, Babik J, Looney MR, Hollander H. Whither the Pulmonary Ward Attending? Preserving Subspecialty Exposure in United States Internal Medicine Residency Training. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 Apr; 14(4):565-568.

Lefrançais E, Ortiz-Muñoz G, Caudrillier A, Mallavia B, Liu F, Sayah DM, Thornton EE, Headley MB, David T, Coughlin SR, Krummel MF, Leavitt AD, Passegué E, Looney MR. The lung is a site of platelet biogenesis and a reservoir for haematopoietic progenitors. Nature. 2017 04 06; 544(7648):105-109.

Hamid U, Krasnodembskaya A, Fitzgerald M, Shyamsundar M, Kissenpfennig A, Scott C, Lefrancais E, Looney MR, Verghis R, Scott J, Simpson AJ, McNamee J, McAuley DF, O'Kane CM. Aspirin reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced pulmonary inflammation in human models of ARDS. Thorax. 2017 Jan 12.

Panka BA, de Grooth HJ, Spoelstra-de Man AM, Looney MR, Tuinman PR. Prevention or Treatment of Ards With Aspirin: A Review of Preclinical Models and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Studies. Shock. 2017 Jan; 47(1):13-21.

Toy P, Kleinman SH, Looney MR. Proposed revised nomenclature for transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2017 Mar; 57(3):709-713.

Roubinian NH, Hendrickson JE, Triulzi DJ, Gottschall JL, Chowdhury D, Kor DJ, Looney MR, Matthay MA, Kleinman SH, Brambilla D, Murphy EL. Incidence and clinical characteristics of transfusion-associated circulatory overload using an active surveillance algorithm. Vox Sang. 2017 Jan; 112(1):56-63.

Rossaint J, Kühne K, Skupski J, Van Aken H, Looney MR, Hidalgo A, Zarbock A. Directed transport of neutrophil-derived extracellular vesicles enables platelet-mediated innate immune response. Nat Commun. 2016 Nov 15; 7:13464.

Henry TS, Naeger DM, Looney MR, Elicker BM. Dyspnea and Pulmonary Hypertension with Diffuse Centrilobular Nodules. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2016 Oct; 13(10):1858-1860.

Naikawadi RP, Disayabutr S, Mallavia B, Donne ML, Green G, La JL, Rock JR, Looney MR, Wolters PJ. Telomere dysfunction in alveolar epithelial cells causes lung remodeling and fibrosis. JCI Insight. 2016 Sep 08; 1(14):e86704.

Toy P, Kleinman SH, Looney MR. Reply to concerns regarding dropping the term "possible TRALI". Transfusion. 2016 Sep; 56(9):2394-5.

Headley MB, Bins A, Nip A, Roberts EW, Looney MR, Gerard A, Krummel MF. Visualization of immediate immune responses to pioneer metastatic cells in the lung. Nature. 2016 Mar 24; 531(7595):513-7.

Mallavia B, Liu F, Sheppard D, Looney MR. Inhibiting Integrin avß5 Reduces Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in an Orthotopic Lung Transplant Model in Mice. Am J Transplant. 2016 Apr; 16(4):1306-11.

Caudrillier A, Mallavia B, Rouse L, Marschner S, Looney MR. Transfusion of Human Platelets Treated with Mirasol Pathogen Reduction Technology Does Not Induce Acute Lung Injury in Mice. PLoS One. 2015; 10(7):e0133022.

Looney MR. Selectin' for NETs. Blood. 2015 Jul 09; 126(2):129-30.

Ortiz-Muñoz G, Looney MR. Non-invasive Intratracheal Instillation in Mice. Bio Protoc. 2015; 5(12).

Sayah DM, Mallavia B, Looney MR. Reply: neutrophil extracellular traps in primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 May 01; 191(9):1089.

Bose O, Baluk P, Looney MR, Cheng LE, McDonald DM, Caughey GH, Krummel MF. Mast cells present protrusions into blood vessels upon tracheal allergen challenge in mice. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0118513.

Roubinian NH, Looney MR, Kor DJ, Lowell CA, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson GA, Matthay MA, Toy P, Murphy EL. Cytokines and clinical predictors in distinguishing pulmonary transfusion reactions. Transfusion. 2015 Aug; 55(8):1838-46.

Sayah DM, Mallavia B, Liu F, Ortiz-Muñoz G, Caudrillier A, DerHovanessian A, Ross DJ, Lynch JP, Saggar R, Ardehali A, Ware LB, Christie JD, Belperio JA, Looney MR. Neutrophil extracellular traps are pathogenic in primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb 15; 191(4):455-63.

Vaughan AE, Brumwell AN, Xi Y, Gotts JE, Brownfield DG, Treutlein B, Tan K, Tan V, Liu FC, Looney MR, Matthay MA, Rock JR, Chapman HA. Lineage-negative progenitors mobilize to regenerate lung epithelium after major injury. Nature. 2015 Jan 29; 517(7536):621-5.

Toy P, Bacchetti P, Grimes B, Gajic O, Murphy EL, Winters JL, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Matthay MA, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Hirschler NV, Lowell CA, Schuller RM, Gandhi MJ, Norris PJ, Mair DC, Sanchez Rosen R, Looney MR. Recipient clinical risk factors predominate in possible transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfusion. 2015 May; 55(5):947-52.

Ortiz-Muñoz G, Mallavia B, Bins A, Headley M, Krummel MF, Looney MR. Aspirin-triggered 15-epi-lipoxin A4 regulates neutrophil-platelet aggregation and attenuates acute lung injury in mice. Blood. 2014 Oct 23; 124(17):2625-34.

Greenland JR, Xu X, Sayah DM, Liu FC, Jones KD, Looney MR, Caughey GH. Mast cells in a murine lung ischemia-reperfusion model of primary graft dysfunction. Respir Res. 2014 Aug 13; 15:95.

Looney MR, Roubinian N, Gajic O, Gropper MA, Hubmayr RD, Lowell CA, Bacchetti P, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee DC, Wu P, Grimes B, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair DC, Schuller RM, Hirschler NV, Rosen RS, Matthay MA, Toy P. Prospective study on the clinical course and outcomes in transfusion-related acute lung injury*. Crit Care Med. 2014 Jul; 42(7):1676-87.

Lelkes E, Headley MB, Thornton EE, Looney MR, Krummel MF. The spatiotemporal cellular dynamics of lung immunity. Trends Immunol. 2014 Aug; 35(8):379-86.

Looney MR, Bhattacharya J. Live imaging of the lung. Annu Rev Physiol. 2014; 76:431-45.

Murphy EL, Kwaan N, Looney MR, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Gropper MA, Koenigsberg M, Wilson G, Matthay M, Bacchetti P, Toy P. Risk factors and outcomes in transfusion-associated circulatory overload. Am J Med. 2013 Apr; 126(4):357.e29-38.

Sayah DM, Looney MR, Toy P. Transfusion reactions: newer concepts on the pathophysiology, incidence, treatment, and prevention of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Crit Care Clin. 2012 Jul; 28(3):363-72, v.

Caudrillier A, Kessenbrock K, Gilliss BM, Nguyen JX, Marques MB, Monestier M, Toy P, Werb Z, Looney MR. Platelets induce neutrophil extracellular traps in transfusion-related acute lung injury. J Clin Invest. 2012 Jul; 122(7):2661-71.

Thornton EE, Looney MR, Bose O, Sen D, Sheppard D, Locksley R, Huang X, Krummel MF. Spatiotemporally separated antigen uptake by alveolar dendritic cells and airway presentation to T cells in the lung. J Exp Med. 2012 Jun 04; 209(6):1183-99.

Thornton EE, Krummel MF, Looney MR. Live imaging of the lung. Curr Protoc Cytom. 2012 Apr; Chapter 12:Unit12.28.

Weiskopf RB, Feiner J, Toy P, Twiford J, Shimabukuro D, Lieberman J, Looney MR, Lowell CA, Gropper MA. Fresh and stored red blood cell transfusion equivalently induce subclinical pulmonary gas exchange deficit in normal humans. Anesth Analg. 2012 Mar; 114(3):511-9.

Caudrillier A, Looney MR. Platelet-neutrophil interactions as a target for prevention and treatment of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Curr Pharm Des. 2012; 18(22):3260-6.

Toy P, Gajic O, Bacchetti P, Looney MR, Gropper MA, Hubmayr R, Lowell CA, Norris PJ, Murphy EL, Weiskopf RB, Wilson G, Koenigsberg M, Lee D, Schuller R, Wu P, Grimes B, Gandhi MJ, Winters JL, Mair D, Hirschler N, Sanchez Rosen R, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: incidence and risk factors. Blood. 2012 Feb 16; 119(7):1757-67.

Gilliss BM, Looney MR, Gropper MA. Reducing noninfectious risks of blood transfusion. Anesthesiology. 2011 Sep; 115(3):635-49.

Kleinman SH, Triulzi DJ, Murphy EL, Carey PM, Gottschall JL, Roback JD, Carrick D, Mathew S, Wright DJ, Cable R, Ness P, Gajic O, Hubmayr RD, Looney MR, Kakaiya RM. The Leukocyte Antibody Prevalence Study-II (LAPS-II): a retrospective cohort study of transfusion-related acute lung injury in recipients of high-plasma-volume human leukocyte antigen antibody-positive or -negative components. Transfusion. 2011 Oct; 51(10):2078-91.

Su X, Looney MR, Su HE, Lee JW, Song Y, Matthay MA. Role of CFTR expressed by neutrophils in modulating acute lung inflammation and injury in mice. Inflamm Res. 2011 Jul; 60(7):619-32.

Gilliss BM, Looney MR. Experimental models of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Transfus Med Rev. 2011 Jan; 25(1):1-11.

Looney MR, Thornton EE, Sen D, Lamm WJ, Glenny RW, Krummel MF. Stabilized imaging of immune surveillance in the mouse lung. Nat Methods. 2011 Jan; 8(1):91-6.

Looney MR, Gilliss BM, Matthay MA. Pathophysiology of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Curr Opin Hematol. 2010 Sep; 17(5):418-23.

Miniati D, Jelin EB, Ng J, Wu J, Carlson TR, Wu X, Looney MR, Wang RA. Constitutively active endothelial Notch4 causes lung arteriovenous shunts in mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2010 Feb; 298(2):L169-77.

Looney MR, Nguyen JX, Hu Y, Van Ziffle JA, Lowell CA, Matthay MA. Platelet depletion and aspirin treatment protect mice in a two-event model of transfusion-related acute lung injury. J Clin Invest. 2009 Nov; 119(11):3450-61.

Liu KD, Looney MR, Matthay MA. Inhaled activated protein C: a novel therapy for acute lung injury? Crit Care. 2009; 13(3):150.

Su X, Looney MR, Gupta N, Matthay MA. Receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is an indicator of direct lung injury in models of experimental lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2009 Jul; 297(1):L1-5.

Looney MR, Matthay MA. Neutrophil sandwiches injure the microcirculation. Nat Med. 2009 Apr; 15(4):364-6.

Looney MR, Esmon CT, Matthay MA. Role of coagulation pathways and treatment with activated protein C in hyperoxic lung injury. Thorax. 2009 Feb; 64(2):114-20.

Looney MR. Acute lung injury after blood product transfusion: are the times changing? Crit Care Med. 2008 Jun; 36(6):1968-70.

Su X, Johansen M, Looney MR, Brown EJ, Matthay MA. CD47 deficiency protects mice from lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury and Escherichia coli pneumonia. J Immunol. 2008 May 15; 180(10):6947-53.

Looney MR, Matthay MA. The role of protein C in sepsis. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2007 Oct; 3(5):413-8.

Looney MR. Newly recognized causes of acute lung injury: transfusion of blood products, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and avian influenza. Clin Chest Med. 2006 Dec; 27(4):591-600; abstract viii.

Church GD, Price C, Sanchez R, Looney MR. Transfusion-related acute lung injury in the paediatric patient: Two case reports and a review of the literature. Transfus Med. 2006 Oct; 16(5):343-8.

Looney MR, Su X, Van Ziffle JA, Lowell CA, Matthay MA. Neutrophils and their Fc gamma receptors are essential in a mouse model of transfusion-related acute lung injury. J Clin Invest. 2006 Jun; 116(6):1615-23.

Looney MR, Matthay MA. Animal models of transfusion-related acute lung injury. Crit Care Med. 2006 May; 34(5 Suppl):S132-6.

Looney MR, Matthay MA. Bench-to-bedside review: the role of activated protein C in maintaining endothelial tight junction function and its relationship to organ injury. Crit Care. 2006; 10(6):239.

Looney MR, Sartori C, Chakraborty S, James PF, Lingrel JB, Matthay MA. Decreased expression of both the alpha1- and alpha2-subunits of the Na-K-ATPase reduces maximal alveolar epithelial fluid clearance. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2005 Jul; 289(1):L104-10.

Su X, Looney M, Robriquet L, Fang X, Matthay MA. Direct visual instillation as a method for efficient delivery of fluid into the distal airspaces of anesthetized mice. Exp Lung Res. 2004 Sep; 30(6):479-93.

Looney MR, Gropper MA, Matthay MA. Transfusion-related acute lung injury: a review. Chest. 2004 Jul; 126(1):249-58.

Looney MR, Matthay MA. The Role of Protein C in Sepsis. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2001 Oct; 3(5):413-418.

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