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Faculty Profiles

Prescott Woodruff, MD, MPH
M_MED-CORE-PULM
Professor

513 Parnassus Ave
San Francisco, CA 94143
415-514-2061
[email protected]

Research Interests


I. Mentoring in Translational Research
Supported by K24HL137013, Mentoring research in precision medicine for lung disease.


II. The identification of molecular sub-phenotypes of asthma and COPD:
These studies are funded by:
1) An R01 from the NIH/NHLBI, entitled "Molecular Phenotyping of Asthma" (R01 HL-095372) which has applied genomic analyses to airway samples from patients with asthma to distinguish Th2-driven and non-Th2-driven sub-phenotypes of asthma that have distinct clinical, pathological and treatment-related characteristics.


2) The NHLBI SPIROMICS longitudinal study of COPD (R01HL137880). The goal of the Spiromics project is to identify molecular phenotypes of COPD and to link these phenotypes to disease progression and exacerbations.


III. Mechanisms of airway inflammation and remodeling in lung diseases:
These studies apply innovative methods for quantitative morphometry and gene expression analyses to human tissue samples obtained at fiberoptic bronchoscopy. In work to date, we have applied these methods to study mechanisms of disease in asthma, COPD and sarcoidosis.


IV. Development of blood-based diagnostic tests for lung disease using genomic approaches:
These studies apply gene expression profiling and miRNA profiling in blood cells and plasma/serum to develop diagnostic tests in asthma, COPD and sarcoidosis and are supported by U01HL126493, Defining A Comprehensive Reference Profile of Circulating Human Extracellular RNA.


V. Clinical Trials in asthma and COPD
Ongoing: U01HL128952, Redefining Therapy In Early COPD: RETHINC

Education and Training

Location Degree or Training Specialty Date
Harvard School of Public Health MPH 1996
Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons MD Medicine 1993

Awards and Honors

2012   Elected to the American Society for Clinical Investigation, 2012
1993   AOA, 1993

Related Web Sites

In the News

Awarded Grants

Project Title Project Number Fiscal Year
SPIROMICS 268200900014C-10-0-4 2016
Recent Articles (118)

Putcha N, Paul GG, Azar A, Wise RA, O'Neal WK, Dransfield MT, Woodruff PG, Curtis JL, Comellas AP, Drummond MB, Lambert AA, Paulin LM, Fawzy A, Kanner RE, Paine R, Han MK, Martinez FJ, Bowler RP, Barr RG, Hansel NN. Lower serum IgA is associated with COPD exacerbation risk in SPIROMICS. PLoS One. 2018; 13(4):e0194924.

Burkes RM, Gassett AJ, Ceppe AS, Anderson W, O'Neal WK, Woodruff PG, Krishnan JA, Barr RG, Han MK, Martinez FJ, Comellas AP, Lambert AA, Kaufman JD, Dransfield MT, Wells JM, Kanner RE, Paine R, Bleecker ER, Paulin LM, Hansel NN, Drummond MB. Rural Residence and COPD Exacerbations: Analysis of the SPIROMICS Cohort. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2018 Mar 27.

Peters MC, Kerr S, Dunican EM, Woodruff PG, Fajt ML, Levy BD, Israel E, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Comhair SA, Erzurum SC, Johansson MW, Jarjour NN, Coverstone AM, Castro M, Hastie AT, Bleecker ER, Wenzel SE, Fahy JV. Refractory Airway Type-2 Inflammation in a Large Subgroup of Asthmatics treated with Inhaled Corticosteroids. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Mar 07.

Han MK, Tayob N, Murray S, Woodruff PG, Curtis JL, Kim V, Criner G, Galban CJ, Ross BD, Hoffman EA, Lynch DA, Kazerooni E, Martinez FJ. Association between Emphysema and COPD Outcomes in COPDGene and SPIROMICS Cohorts. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 27.

Mangul S, Yang HT, Strauli N, Gruhl F, Porath HT, Hsieh K, Chen L, Daley T, Christenson S, Wesolowska-Andersen A, Spreafico R, Rios C, Eng C, Smith AD, Hernandez RD, Ophoff RA, Santana JR, Levanon EY, Woodruff PG, Burchard E, Seibold MA, Shifman S, Eskin E, Zaitlen N. ROP: dumpster diving in RNA-sequencing to find the source of 1 trillion reads across diverse adult human tissues. Genome Biol. 2018 Feb 15; 19(1):36.

Leitao Filho FS, Ra SW, Mattman A, Schellenberg RS, Criner GJ, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC, Albert R, Connett JE, Han MK, Martinez FJ, Leung JM, Paul Man SF, Aaron SD, Reed RM, Sin DD. Serum IgG subclass levels and risk of exacerbations and hospitalizations in patients with COPD. Respir Res. 2018 Feb 14; 19(1):30.

Martinez FJ, Han MK, Allinson JP, Barr RG, Boucher RC, Calverley P, Celli BR, Christenson SA, Crystal RG, Fagerås M, Freeman CM, Groenke L, Hoffman EA, Kesimer M, Kostikas K, Paine Iii R, Rafii S, Rennard SI, Segal LN, Shaykhiev R, Stevenson C, Tal-Singer R, Vestbo J, Woodruff PG, Curtis JL, Wedzicha JA. At the Root: Defining and Halting Progression of Early Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 06.

Dunican EM, Elicker BM, Gierada DS, Nagle SK, Schiebler ML, Newell JD, Raymond WW, Lachowicz-Scroggins ME, Di Maio S, Hoffman EA, Castro M, Fain SB, Jarjour NN, Israel E, Levy BD, Erzurum SC, Wenzel SE, Meyers DA, Bleecker ER, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Gordon ED, Woodruff PG, Peters MC, Fahy JV. Mucus plugs in patients with asthma linked to eosinophilia and airflow obstruction. J Clin Invest. 2018 Mar 01; 128(3):997-1009.

Bhakta NR, Christenson SA, Nerella S, Solberg OD, Nguyen CP, Choy DF, Jung KL, Garudadri S, Bonser LR, Pollack JL, Zlock LT, Erle DJ, Langelier C, Derisi JL, Arron JR, Fahy JV, Woodruff PG. IFN-stimulated Gene Expression, Type 2 Inflammation, and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2018 Feb 01; 197(3):313-324.

Morris MA, Jacobson SR, Kinney GL, Tashkin DP, Woodruff PG, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Cooper CB, Drummond MB, Barr RG, Oelsner EC, Make BJ, Han MK, Hansel NN, O'Neal WK, Bowler RP. Marijuana Use Associations with Pulmonary Symptoms and Function in Tobacco Smokers Enrolled in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS). Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis. 2018 Jan 24; 5(1):46-56.

Smith BM, Traboulsi H, Austin JHM, Manichaikul A, Hoffman EA, Bleecker ER, Cardoso WV, Cooper C, Couper DJ, Dashnaw SM, Guo J, Han MK, Hansel NN, Hughes EW, Jacobs DR, Kanner RE, Kaufman JD, Kleerup E, Lin CL, Liu K, Lo Cascio CM, Martinez FJ, Nguyen JN, Prince MR, Rennard S, Rich SS, Simon L, Sun Y, Watson KE, Woodruff PG, Baglole CJ, Barr RG. Human airway branch variation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jan 30; 115(5):E974-E981.

Hastie AT, Martinez FJ, Curtis JL, Doerschuk CM, Hansel NN, Christenson S, Putcha N, Ortega VE, Li X, Barr RG, Carretta EE, Couper DJ, Cooper CB, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Kleerup E, O'Neal WK, Paine R, Peters SP, Alexis NE, Woodruff PG, Han MK, Meyers DA, Bleecker ER. Association of sputum and blood eosinophil concentrations with clinical measures of COPD severity: an analysis of the SPIROMICS cohort. Lancet Respir Med. 2017 Dec; 5(12):956-967.

Choi S, Haghighi B, Choi J, Hoffman EA, Comellas AP, Newell JD, Wenzel SE, Castro M, Fain SB, Jarjour NN, Schiebler ML, Barr RG, Han MK, Bleecker ER, Cooper CB, Couper D, Hansel N, Kanner RE, Kazeroni EA, Kleerup EAC, Martinez FJ, O'Neal WK, Woodruff PG, Lin CL. Differentiation of quantitative CT imaging phenotypes in asthma versus COPD. BMJ Open Respir Res. 2017; 4(1):e000252.

Bradford E, Jacobson S, Varasteh J, Comellas AP, Woodruff P, O'Neal W, DeMeo DL, Li X, Kim V, Cho M, Castaldi PJ, Hersh C, Silverman EK, Crapo JD, Kechris K, Bowler RP. The value of blood cytokines and chemokines in assessing COPD. Respir Res. 2017 Oct 24; 18(1):180.

Anderson WH, Ha JW, Couper DJ, O'Neal WK, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Carretta EE, Cooper CB, Doerschuk CM, Drummond MB, Han MK, Hansel NN, Kim V, Kleerup EC, Martinez FJ, Rennard SI, Tashkin D, Woodruff PG, Paine R, Curtis JL, Kanner RE. Variability in objective and subjective measures affects baseline values in studies of patients with COPD. PLoS One. 2017; 12(9):e0184606.

Martinez CH, Li SX, Hirzel AJ, Stolberg VR, Alexis NE, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Carretta EE, Christenson SA, Cooper CB, Couper DJ, Doerschuk CM, Han MK, Hansel NN, Hastie AT, Hoffman EA, Kaner RJ, Martinez FJ, Meyers DA, O'Neal WK, Paine R, Putcha N, Rennard SI, Woodruff PG, Zeidler M, Curtis JL, Freeman CM. Alveolar eosinophilia in current smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the SPIROMICS cohort. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jan; 141(1):429-432.

Kesimer M, Ford AA, Ceppe A, Radicioni G, Cao R, Davis CW, Doerschuk CM, Alexis NE, Anderson WH, Henderson AG, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Christenson SA, Cooper CB, Han MK, Hansel NN, Hastie AT, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Martinez F, Paine R, Woodruff PG, O'Neal WK, Boucher RC. Airway Mucin Concentration as a Marker of Chronic Bronchitis. N Engl J Med. 2017 09 07; 377(10):911-922.

Bowler RP, Hansel NN, Jacobson S, Graham Barr R, Make BJ, Han MK, O'Neal WK, Oelsner EC, Casaburi R, Barjaktarevic I, Cooper C, Foreman M, Wise RA, DeMeo DL, Silverman EK, Bailey W, Harrington KF, Woodruff PG, Drummond MB. Electronic Cigarette Use in US Adults at Risk for or with COPD: Analysis from Two Observational Cohorts. J Gen Intern Med. 2017 Dec; 32(12):1315-1322.

Woodruff PG, van den Berge M, Boucher RC, Brightling C, Burchard EG, Christenson SA, Han MK, Holtzman MJ, Kraft M, Lynch DA, Martinez FD, Reddel HK, Sin DD, Washko GR, Wenzel SE, Punturieri A, Freemer MM, Wise RA. American Thoracic Society/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Asthma-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overlap Workshop Report. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Aug 01; 196(3):375-381.

Han MK, Quibrera PM, Carretta EE, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Bowler RP, Cooper CB, Comellas A, Couper DJ, Curtis JL, Criner G, Dransfield MT, Hansel NN, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Krishnan JA, Martinez CH, Pirozzi CB, O'Neal WK, Rennard S, Tashkin DP, Wedzicha JA, Woodruff P, Paine R, Martinez FJ. Frequency of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: an analysis of the SPIROMICS cohort. Lancet Respir Med. 2017 08; 5(8):619-626.

Duffy S, Marron R, Voelker H, Albert R, Connett J, Bailey W, Casaburi R, Cooper JA, Curtis JL, Dransfield M, Han MK, Make B, Marchetti N, Martinez F, Lazarus S, Niewoehner D, Scanlon PD, Sciurba F, Scharf S, Reed RM, Washko G, Woodruff P, McEvoy C, Aaron S, Sin D, Criner GJ. Effect of beta-blockers on exacerbation rate and lung function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Respir Res. 2017 Jun 19; 18(1):124.

Phipatanakul W, Mauger DT, Sorkness RL, Gaffin JM, Holguin F, Woodruff PG, Ly NP, Bacharier LB, Bhakta NR, Moore WC, Bleecker ER, Hastie AT, Meyers DA, Castro M, Fahy JV, Fitzpatrick AM, Gaston BM, Jarjour NN, Levy BD, Peters SP, Teague WG, Fajt M, Wenzel SE, Erzurum SC, Israel E. Effects of Age and Disease Severity on Systemic Corticosteroid Responses in Asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun 01; 195(11):1439-1448.

Ra SW, Sze MA, Lee EC, Tam S, Oh Y, Fishbane N, Criner GJ, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC, Albert R, Connett JE, Han MK, Martinez FJ, Aaron SD, Reed RM, Man SFP, Sin DD. Azithromycin and risk of COPD exacerbations in patients with and without Helicobacter pylori. Respir Res. 2017 May 30; 18(1):109.

Hansel NN, Paulin LM, Gassett AJ, Peng RD, Alexis N, Fan VS, Bleecker E, Bowler R, Comellas AP, Dransfield M, Han MK, Kim V, Krishnan JA, Pirozzi C, Cooper CB, Martinez F, Woodruff PG, Breysse PJ, Barr RG, Kaufman JD. Design of the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD (SPIROMICS) AIR Study. BMJ Open Respir Res. 2017; 4(1):e000186.

Martinez CH, Murray S, Barr RG, Bleecker E, Bowler RP, Christenson SA, Comellas AP, Cooper CB, Couper D, Criner GJ, Curtis JL, Dransfield MT, Hansel NN, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Kleerup E, Krishnan JA, Lazarus SC, Leidy NK, O'Neal W, Martinez FJ, Paine R, Rennard SI, Tashkin DP, Woodruff PG, Han MK. Respiratory Symptoms Items from the COPD Assessment Test Identify Ever-Smokers with Preserved Lung Function at Higher Risk for Poor Respiratory Outcomes. An Analysis of the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study Cohort. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2017 May; 14(5):636-642.

Leitao Filho FS, Won Ra S, Mattman A, Schellenberg RS, Fishbane N, Criner GJ, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC, Albert R, Connett JE, Han MK, Martinez FJ, Leung JM, Man SFP, Aaron SD, Reed RM, Sin DD. Serum IgG and risk of exacerbations and hospitalizations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Oct; 140(4):1164-1167.e6.

Van Dyken SJ, Liang HE, Naikawadi RP, Woodruff PG, Wolters PJ, Erle DJ, Locksley RM. Spontaneous Chitin Accumulation in Airways and Age-Related Fibrotic Lung Disease. Cell. 2017 Apr 20; 169(3):497-509.e13.

Martinez CH, Diaz AA, Meldrum C, Curtis JL, Cooper CB, Pirozzi C, Kanner RE, Paine R, Woodruff PG, Bleecker ER, Hansel NN, Barr RG, Marchetti N, Criner GJ, Kazerooni EA, Hoffman EA, Ross BD, Galban CJ, Cigolle CT, Martinez FJ, Han MK. Age and Small Airway Imaging Abnormalities in Subjects with and without Airflow Obstruction in SPIROMICS. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb 15; 195(4):464-472.

Keene JD, Jacobson S, Kechris K, Kinney GL, Foreman MG, Doerschuk CM, Make BJ, Curtis JL, Rennard SI, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Kanner RE, Kleerup EC, Hansel NN, Woodruff PG, Han MK, Paine R, Martinez FJ, Bowler RP, O'Neal WK. Biomarkers Predictive of Exacerbations in the SPIROMICS and COPDGene Cohorts. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb 15; 195(4):473-481.

Hobbs BD, de Jong K, Lamontagne M, Bossé Y, Shrine N, Artigas MS, Wain LV, Hall IP, Jackson VE, Wyss AB, London SJ, North KE, Franceschini N, Strachan DP, Beaty TH, Hokanson JE, Crapo JD, Castaldi PJ, Chase RP, Bartz TM, Heckbert SR, Psaty BM, Gharib SA, Zanen P, Lammers JW, Oudkerk M, Groen HJ, Locantore N, Tal-Singer R, Rennard SI, Vestbo J, Timens W, Paré PD, Latourelle JC, Dupuis J, O'Connor GT, Wilk JB, Kim WJ, Lee MK, Oh YM, Vonk JM, de Koning HJ, Leng S, Belinsky SA, Tesfaigzi Y, Manichaikul A, Wang XQ, Rich SS, Barr RG, Sparrow D, Litonjua AA, Bakke P, Gulsvik A, Lahousse L, Brusselle GG, Stricker BH, Uitterlinden AG, Ampleford EJ, Bleecker ER, Woodruff PG, Meyers DA, Qiao D, Lomas DA, Yim JJ, Kim DK, Hawrylkiewicz I, Sliwinski P, Hardin M, Fingerlin TE, Schwartz DA, Postma DS, MacNee W, Tobin MD, Silverman EK, Boezen HM, Cho MH. Genetic loci associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap with loci for lung function and pulmonary fibrosis. Nat Genet. 2017 Mar; 49(3):426-432.

Denlinger LC, Phillips BR, Ramratnam S, Ross K, Bhakta NR, Cardet JC, Castro M, Peters SP, Phipatanakul W, Aujla S, Bacharier LB, Bleecker ER, Comhair SA, Coverstone A, DeBoer M, Erzurum SC, Fain SB, Fajt M, Fitzpatrick AM, Gaffin J, Gaston B, Hastie AT, Hawkins GA, Holguin F, Irani AM, Israel E, Levy BD, Ly N, Meyers DA, Moore WC, Myers R, Opina MT, Peters MC, Schiebler ML, Sorkness RL, Teague WG, Wenzel SE, Woodruff PG, Mauger DT, Fahy JV, Jarjour NN. Inflammatory and Comorbid Features of Patients with Severe Asthma and Frequent Exacerbations. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Feb 01; 195(3):302-313.

Rodriguez-Roisin R, Han MK, Vestbo J, Wedzicha JA, Woodruff PG, Martinez FJ. Chronic Respiratory Symptoms with Normal Spirometry. A Reliable Clinical Entity? Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Jan 01; 195(1):17-22.

Durack J, Lynch SV, Nariya S, Bhakta NR, Beigelman A, Castro M, Dyer AM, Israel E, Kraft M, Martin RJ, Mauger DT, Rosenberg SR, Sharp-King T, White SR, Woodruff PG, Avila PC, Denlinger LC, Holguin F, Lazarus SC, Lugogo N, Moore WC, Peters SP, Que L, Smith LJ, Sorkness CA, Wechsler ME, Wenzel SE, Boushey HA, Huang YJ. Features of the bronchial bacterial microbiome associated with atopy, asthma, and responsiveness to inhaled corticosteroid treatment. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Jul; 140(1):63-75.

Sieren JP, Newell JD, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Burnette N, Carretta EE, Couper D, Goldin J, Guo J, Han MK, Hansel NN, Kanner RE, Kazerooni EA, Martinez FJ, Rennard S, Woodruff PG, Hoffman EA. SPIROMICS Protocol for Multicenter Quantitative Computed Tomography to Phenotype the Lungs. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 10 01; 194(7):794-806.

Gulcev M, Reilly C, Griffin TJ, Broeckling CD, Sandri BJ, Witthuhn BA, Hodgson SW, Woodruff PG, Wendt CH. Tryptophan catabolism in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2016; 11:2435-2446.

Woodruff PG, Couper D, Han MK. Symptoms in Smokers with Preserved Pulmonary Function. N Engl J Med. 2016 09 01; 375(9):896-7.

Sun W, Kechris K, Jacobson S, Drummond MB, Hawkins GA, Yang J, Chen TH, Quibrera PM, Anderson W, Barr RG, Basta PV, Bleecker ER, Beaty T, Casaburi R, Castaldi P, Cho MH, Comellas A, Crapo JD, Criner G, Demeo D, Christenson SA, Couper DJ, Curtis JL, Doerschuk CM, Freeman CM, Gouskova NA, Han MK, Hanania NA, Hansel NN, Hersh CP, Hoffman EA, Kaner RJ, Kanner RE, Kleerup EC, Lutz S, Martinez FJ, Meyers DA, Peters SP, Regan EA, Rennard SI, Scholand MB, Silverman EK, Woodruff PG, O'Neal WK, Bowler RP. Common Genetic Polymorphisms Influence Blood Biomarker Measurements in COPD. PLoS Genet. 2016 Aug; 12(8):e1006011.

Leung JM, Chen V, Hollander Z, Dai D, Tebbutt SJ, Aaron SD, Vandemheen KL, Rennard SI, FitzGerald JM, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC, Connett JE, Coxson HO, Miller B, Borchers C, McManus BM, Ng RT, Sin DD. COPD Exacerbation Biomarkers Validated Using Multiple Reaction Monitoring Mass Spectrometry. PLoS One. 2016; 11(8):e0161129.

Wan XC, Woodruff PG. Biomarkers in Severe Asthma. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2016 08; 36(3):547-57.

Gordon ED, Simpson LJ, Rios CL, Ringel L, Lachowicz-Scroggins ME, Peters MC, Wesolowska-Andersen A, Gonzalez JR, MacLeod HJ, Christian LS, Yuan S, Barry L, Woodruff PG, Ansel KM, Nocka K, Seibold MA, Fahy JV. Alternative splicing of interleukin-33 and type 2 inflammation in asthma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 08 02; 113(31):8765-70.

Peters MC, McGrath KW, Hawkins GA, Hastie AT, Levy BD, Israel E, Phillips BR, Mauger DT, Comhair SA, Erzurum SC, Johansson MW, Jarjour NN, Coverstone AM, Castro M, Holguin F, Wenzel SE, Woodruff PG, Bleecker ER, Fahy JV. Plasma interleukin-6 concentrations, metabolic dysfunction, and asthma severity: a cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts. Lancet Respir Med. 2016 07; 4(7):574-584.

Ramstein J, Broos CE, Simpson LJ, Ansel KM, Sun SA, Ho ME, Woodruff PG, Bhakta NR, Christian L, Nguyen CP, Antalek BJ, Benn BS, Hendriks RW, van den Blink B, Kool M, Koth LL. IFN-?-Producing T-Helper 17.1 Cells Are Increased in Sarcoidosis and Are More Prevalent than T-Helper Type 1 Cells. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jun 01; 193(11):1281-91.

Brownell R, Kaminski N, Woodruff PG, Bradford WZ, Richeldi L, Martinez FJ, Collard HR. Precision Medicine: The New Frontier in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jun 01; 193(11):1213-8.

Woodruff PG, Barr RG, Bleecker E, Christenson SA, Couper D, Curtis JL, Gouskova NA, Hansel NN, Hoffman EA, Kanner RE, Kleerup E, Lazarus SC, Martinez FJ, Paine R, Rennard S, Tashkin DP, Han MK. Clinical Significance of Symptoms in Smokers with Preserved Pulmonary Function. N Engl J Med. 2016 May 12; 374(19):1811-21.

Putcha N, Barr RG, Han MK, Woodruff PG, Bleecker ER, Kanner RE, Martinez FJ, Smith BM, Tashkin DP, Bowler RP, Eisner MD, Rennard SI, Wise RA, Hansel NN. Understanding the impact of second-hand smoke exposure on clinical outcomes in participants with COPD in the SPIROMICS cohort. Thorax. 2016 Mar 09.

Levy BD, Noel PJ, Freemer MM, Cloutier MM, Georas SN, Jarjour NN, Ober C, Woodruff PG, Barnes KC, Bender BG, Camargo CA, Chupp GL, Denlinger LC, Fahy JV, Fitzpatrick AM, Fuhlbrigge A, Gaston BM, Hartert TV, Kolls JK, Lynch SV, Moore WC, Morgan WJ, Nadeau KC, Ownby DR, Solway J, Szefler SJ, Wenzel SE, Wright RJ, Smith RA, Erzurum SC. Future Research Directions in Asthma. An NHLBI Working Group Report. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Dec 01; 192(11):1366-72.

Hoffman SM, Chapman DG, Lahue KG, Cahoon JM, Rattu GK, Daphtary N, Aliyeva M, Fortner KA, Erzurum SC, Comhair SA, Woodruff PG, Bhakta N, Dixon AE, Irvin CG, Janssen-Heininger YM, Poynter ME, Anathy V. Protein disulfide isomerase-endoplasmic reticulum resident protein 57 regulates allergen-induced airways inflammation, fibrosis, and hyperresponsiveness. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Mar; 137(3):822-32.e7.

Woodruff PG, Agusti A, Roche N, Singh D, Martinez FJ. Current concepts in targeting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease pharmacotherapy: making progress towards personalised management. Lancet. 2015 May 02; 385(9979):1789-1798.

Christenson SA, Steiling K, van den Berge M, Hijazi K, Hiemstra PS, Postma DS, Lenburg ME, Spira A, Woodruff PG. Asthma-COPD overlap. Clinical relevance of genomic signatures of type 2 inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Apr 01; 191(7):758-66.

Kangelaris KN, Prakash A, Liu KD, Aouizerat B, Woodruff PG, Erle DJ, Rogers A, Seeley EJ, Chu J, Liu T, Osterberg-Deiss T, Zhuo H, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. Increased expression of neutrophil-related genes in patients with early sepsis-induced ARDS. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Jun 01; 308(11):L1102-13.

Freeman CM, Crudgington S, Stolberg VR, Brown JP, Sonstein J, Alexis NE, Doerschuk CM, Basta PV, Carretta EE, Couper DJ, Hastie AT, Kaner RJ, O'Neal WK, Paine R, Rennard SI, Shimbo D, Woodruff PG, Zeidler M, Curtis JL. Design of a multi-center immunophenotyping analysis of peripheral blood, sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcome Measures in COPD Study (SPIROMICS). J Transl Med. 2015 Jan 27; 13:19.

Simpson LJ, Patel S, Bhakta NR, Choy DF, Brightbill HD, Ren X, Wang Y, Pua HH, Baumjohann D, Montoya MM, Panduro M, Remedios KA, Huang X, Fahy JV, Arron JR, Woodruff PG, Ansel KM. A microRNA upregulated in asthma airway T cells promotes TH2 cytokine production. Nat Immunol. 2014 Dec; 15(12):1162-70.

Su R, Li MM, Bhakta NR, Solberg OD, Darnell EP, Ramstein J, Garudadri S, Ho M, Woodruff PG, Koth LL. Longitudinal analysis of sarcoidosis blood transcriptomic signatures and disease outcomes. Eur Respir J. 2014 Oct; 44(4):985-93.

Han MK, Tayob N, Murray S, Dransfield MT, Washko G, Scanlon PD, Criner GJ, Casaburi R, Connett J, Lazarus SC, Albert R, Woodruff P, Martinez FJ. Predictors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation reduction in response to daily azithromycin therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun 15; 189(12):1503-8.

Cohn L, Woodruff PG. Update in asthma 2013. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Jun 15; 189(12):1487-93.

Greer AM, Matthay MA, Kukreja J, Bhakta NR, Nguyen CP, Wolters PJ, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Shin JS. Accumulation of BDCA1? dendritic cells in interstitial fibrotic lung diseases and Th2-high asthma. PLoS One. 2014; 9(6):e99084.

Criner GJ, Connett JE, Aaron SD, Albert RK, Bailey WC, Casaburi R, Cooper JA, Curtis JL, Dransfield MT, Han MK, Make B, Marchetti N, Martinez FJ, Niewoehner DE, Scanlon PD, Sciurba FC, Scharf SM, Sin DD, Voelker H, Washko GR, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC. Simvastatin for the prevention of exacerbations in moderate-to-severe COPD. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jun 05; 370(23):2201-10.

Greer AM, Wu N, Putnam AL, Woodruff PG, Wolters P, Kinet JP, Shin JS. Serum IgE clearance is facilitated by human FceRI internalization. J Clin Invest. 2014 Mar; 124(3):1187-98.

O'Neal WK, Anderson W, Basta PV, Carretta EE, Doerschuk CM, Barr RG, Bleecker ER, Christenson SA, Curtis JL, Han MK, Hansel NN, Kanner RE, Kleerup EC, Martinez FJ, Miller BE, Peters SP, Rennard SI, Scholand MB, Tal-Singer R, Woodruff PG, Couper DJ, Davis SM. Comparison of serum, EDTA plasma and P100 plasma for luminex-based biomarker multiplex assays in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the SPIROMICS study. J Transl Med. 2014 Jan 08; 12:9.

Roy MG, Livraghi-Butrico A, Fletcher AA, McElwee MM, Evans SE, Boerner RM, Alexander SN, Bellinghausen LK, Song AS, Petrova YM, Tuvim MJ, Adachi R, Romo I, Bordt AS, Bowden MG, Sisson JH, Woodruff PG, Thornton DJ, Rousseau K, De la Garza MM, Moghaddam SJ, Karmouty-Quintana H, Blackburn MR, Drouin SM, Davis CW, Terrell KA, Grubb BR, O'Neal WK, Flores SC, Cota-Gomez A, Lozupone CA, Donnelly JM, Watson AM, Hennessy CE, Keith RC, Yang IV, Barthel L, Henson PM, Janssen WJ, Schwartz DA, Boucher RC, Dickey BF, Evans CM. Muc5b is required for airway defence. Nature. 2014 Jan 16; 505(7483):412-6.

Woodruff PG. Subtypes of asthma defined by epithelial cell expression of messenger RNA and microRNA. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2013 Dec; 10 Suppl:S186-9.

Su R, Nguyen ML, Agarwal MR, Kirby C, Nguyen CP, Ramstein J, Darnell EP, Gomez AD, Ho M, Woodruff PG, Koth LL. Interferon-inducible chemokines reflect severity and progression in sarcoidosis. Respir Res. 2013 Nov 07; 14:121.

Woodruff PG, Chatila W, Connett JE, Criner GJ, Curtis JL, Dransfield MT, Han MK, Lazarus SC, Marchetti N, Rogers TJ, Scanlon PD, Sin DD, Voelker H, Wendt C, Albert RK. Tumour necrosis factor receptor-75 and risk of COPD exacerbation in the azithromycin trial. Eur Respir J. 2014 Jan; 43(1):295-8.

Peters MC, Mekonnen ZK, Yuan S, Bhakta NR, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV. Measures of gene expression in sputum cells can identify TH2-high and TH2-low subtypes of asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Feb; 133(2):388-94.

Couper D, LaVange LM, Han M, Barr RG, Bleecker E, Hoffman EA, Kanner R, Kleerup E, Martinez FJ, Woodruff PG, Rennard S. Design of the Subpopulations and Intermediate Outcomes in COPD Study (SPIROMICS). Thorax. 2014 May; 69(5):491-4.

Mooney JJ, Elicker BM, Urbania TH, Agarwal MR, Ryerson CJ, Nguyen MLT, Woodruff PG, Jones KD, Collard HR, King TE, Koth LL. Radiographic fibrosis score predicts survival in hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Chest. 2013 Aug; 144(2):586-592.

Bhakta NR, Solberg OD, Nguyen CP, Nguyen CN, Arron JR, Fahy JV, Woodruff PG. A qPCR-based metric of Th2 airway inflammation in asthma. Clin Transl Allergy. 2013 Jul 17; 3(1):24.

Woodruff PG. Double-edged sword? JAMA Intern Med. 2013 Jul 08; 173(13):1184-5.

Hallstrand TS, Lai Y, Altemeier WA, Appel CL, Johnson B, Frevert CW, Hudkins KL, Bollinger JG, Woodruff PG, Hyde DM, Henderson WR, Gelb MH. Regulation and function of epithelial secreted phospholipase A2 group X in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Jul 01; 188(1):42-50.

Levänen B, Bhakta NR, Torregrosa Paredes P, Barbeau R, Hiltbrunner S, Pollack JL, Sköld CM, Svartengren M, Grunewald J, Gabrielsson S, Eklund A, Larsson BM, Woodruff PG, Erle DJ, Wheelock ÅM. Altered microRNA profiles in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid exosomes in asthmatic patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2013 Mar; 131(3):894-903.

Kudo M, Khalifeh Soltani SM, Sakuma SA, McKleroy W, Lee TH, Woodruff PG, Lee JW, Huang K, Chen C, Arjomandi M, Huang X, Atabai K. Mfge8 suppresses airway hyperresponsiveness in asthma by regulating smooth muscle contraction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jan 08; 110(2):660-5.

Seumois G, Vijayanand P, Eisley CJ, Omran N, Kalinke L, North M, Ganesan AP, Simpson LJ, Hunkapiller N, Moltzahn F, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Erle DJ, Djukanovic R, Blelloch R, Ansel KM. An integrated nano-scale approach to profile miRNAs in limited clinical samples. Am J Clin Exp Immunol. 2012 Nov 30; 1(2):70-89.

Albert RK, Connett J, Curtis JL, Martinez FJ, Han MK, Lazarus SC, Woodruff PG. Mannose-binding lectin deficiency and acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2012; 7:767-77.

Huang F, Zhang H, Wu M, Yang H, Kudo M, Peters CJ, Woodruff PG, Solberg OD, Donne ML, Huang X, Sheppard D, Fahy JV, Wolters PJ, Hogan BL, Finkbeiner WE, Li M, Jan YN, Jan LY, Rock JR. Calcium-activated chloride channel TMEM16A modulates mucin secretion and airway smooth muscle contraction. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 02; 109(40):16354-9.

Solberg OD, Ostrin EJ, Love MI, Peng JC, Bhakta NR, Hou L, Nguyen C, Solon M, Nguyen C, Barczak AJ, Zlock LT, Blagev DP, Finkbeiner WE, Ansel KM, Arron JR, Erle DJ, Woodruff PG. Airway epithelial miRNA expression is altered in asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2012 Nov 15; 186(10):965-74.

Albert RK, Connett J, Woodruff PG. Azithromycin and the risk of cardiovascular death. N Engl J Med. 2012 Aug 23; 367(8):773-4; author reply 775.

Jia G, Erickson RW, Choy DF, Mosesova S, Wu LC, Solberg OD, Shikotra A, Carter R, Audusseau S, Hamid Q, Bradding P, Fahy JV, Woodruff PG, Harris JM, Arron JR. Periostin is a systemic biomarker of eosinophilic airway inflammation in asthmatic patients. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2012 Sep; 130(3):647-654.e10.

Diez D, Goto S, Fahy JV, Erle DJ, Woodruff PG, Wheelock ÅM, Wheelock CE. Network analysis identifies a putative role for the PPAR and type 1 interferon pathways in glucocorticoid actions in asthmatics. BMC Med Genomics. 2012 Jun 19; 5:27.

Dransfield MT, Harnden S, Burton RL, Albert RK, Bailey WC, Casaburi R, Connett J, Cooper JA, Criner GJ, Curtis JL, Han MK, Make B, Marchetti N, Martinez FJ, McEvoy C, Nahm MH, Niewoehner DE, Porszasz J, Reilly J, Scanlon PD, Scharf SM, Sciurba FC, Washko GR, Woodruff PG, Lazarus SC. Long-term comparative immunogenicity of protein conjugate and free polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccines in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Sep; 55(5):e35-44.

Thomas MF, Abdul-Wajid S, Panduro M, Babiarz JE, Rajaram M, Woodruff P, Lanier LL, Heissmeyer V, Ansel KM. Eri1 regulates microRNA homeostasis and mouse lymphocyte development and antiviral function. Blood. 2012 Jul 05; 120(1):130-42.

Hallstrand TS, Woodruff PG, Holgate ST, Knight DA. Function of the airway epithelium in asthma. J Allergy (Cairo). 2012; 2012:160586.

A combined pulmonary-radiology workshop for visual evaluation of COPD: study design, chest CT findings and concordance with quantitative evaluation. COPD. 2012 Apr; 9(2):151-9.

Casaburi R, Porszasz J, Hecht A, Tiep B, Albert RK, Anthonisen NR, Bailey WC, Connett JE, Cooper JA, Criner GJ, Curtis J, Dransfield M, Lazarus SC, Make B, Martinez FJ, McEvoy C, Niewoehner DE, Reilly JJ, Scanlon P, Scharf SM, Sciurba FC, Woodruff P. Influence of lightweight ambulatory oxygen on oxygen use and activity patterns of COPD patients receiving long-term oxygen therapy. COPD. 2012 Feb; 9(1):3-11.

Albert RK, Connett J, Bailey WC, Casaburi R, Cooper JA, Criner GJ, Curtis JL, Dransfield MT, Han MK, Lazarus SC, Make B, Marchetti N, Martinez FJ, Madinger NE, McEvoy C, Niewoehner DE, Porsasz J, Price CS, Reilly J, Scanlon PD, Sciurba FC, Scharf SM, Washko GR, Woodruff PG, Anthonisen NR. Azithromycin for prevention of exacerbations of COPD. N Engl J Med. 2011 Aug 25; 365(8):689-98.

Koth LL, Solberg OD, Peng JC, Bhakta NR, Nguyen CP, Woodruff PG. Sarcoidosis blood transcriptome reflects lung inflammation and overlaps with tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Nov 15; 184(10):1153-63.

Woodruff PG. Novel outcomes and end points: biomarkers in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease clinical trials. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2011 Aug; 8(4):350-5.

Bhakta NR, Woodruff PG. Human asthma phenotypes: from the clinic, to cytokines, and back again. Immunol Rev. 2011 Jul; 242(1):220-32.

Woodruff PG, Albert RK, Bailey WC, Casaburi R, Connett JE, Cooper JA, Criner GJ, Curtis JL, Dransfield MT, Han MK, Harnden SM, Kim V, Marchetti N, Martinez FJ, McEvoy CE, Niewoehner DE, Reilly JJ, Rice K, Scanlon PD, Scharf SM, Sciurba FC, Washko GR, Lazarus SC. Randomized trial of zileuton for treatment of COPD exacerbations requiring hospitalization. COPD. 2011 Feb; 8(1):21-9.

Choy DF, Modrek B, Abbas AR, Kummerfeld S, Clark HF, Wu LC, Fedorowicz G, Modrusan Z, Fahy JV, Woodruff PG, Arron JR. Gene expression patterns of Th2 inflammation and intercellular communication in asthmatic airways. J Immunol. 2011 Feb 01; 186(3):1861-9.

Innes AL, McGrath KW, Dougherty RH, McCulloch CE, Woodruff PG, Seibold MA, Okamoto KS, Ingmundson KJ, Solon MC, Carrington SD, Fahy JV. The H antigen at epithelial surfaces is associated with susceptibility to asthma exacerbation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011 Jan 15; 183(2):189-94.

Sidhu SS, Yuan S, Innes AL, Kerr S, Woodruff PG, Hou L, Muller SJ, Fahy JV. Roles of epithelial cell-derived periostin in TGF-beta activation, collagen production, and collagen gel elasticity in asthma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Aug 10; 107(32):14170-5.

Dougherty RH, Sidhu SS, Raman K, Solon M, Solberg OD, Caughey GH, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV. Accumulation of intraepithelial mast cells with a unique protease phenotype in T(H)2-high asthma. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 May; 125(5):1046-1053.e8.

Koth LL, Cambier CJ, Ellwanger A, Solon M, Hou L, Lanier LL, Abram CL, Hamerman JA, Woodruff PG. DAP12 is required for macrophage recruitment to the lung in response to cigarette smoke and chemotaxis toward CCL2. J Immunol. 2010 Jun 01; 184(11):6522-8.

Woodruff PG, Wolff M, Hohlfeld JM, Krug N, Dransfield MT, Sutherland ER, Criner GJ, Kim V, Prasse A, Nivens MC, Tetzlaff K, Heilker R, Fahy JV. Safety and efficacy of an inhaled epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor (BIBW 2948 BS) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Mar 01; 181(5):438-45.

Park SW, Verhaeghe C, Nguyenvu LT, Barbeau R, Eisley CJ, Nakagami Y, Huang X, Woodruff PG, Fahy JV, Erle DJ. Distinct roles of FOXA2 and FOXA3 in allergic airway disease and asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Oct 01; 180(7):603-10.

Dransfield MT, Nahm MH, Han MK, Harnden S, Criner GJ, Martinez FJ, Scanlon PD, Woodruff PG, Washko GR, Connett JE, Anthonisen NR, Bailey WC. Superior immune response to protein-conjugate versus free pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Sep 15; 180(6):499-505.

Woodruff PG, Modrek B, Choy DF, Jia G, Abbas AR, Ellwanger A, Koth LL, Arron JR, Fahy JV. T-helper type 2-driven inflammation defines major subphenotypes of asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Sep 01; 180(5):388-95.

Woodruff PG, Ellwanger A, Solon M, Cambier CJ, Pinkerton KE, Koth LL. Alveolar macrophage recruitment and activation by chronic second hand smoke exposure in mice. COPD. 2009 Apr; 6(2):86-94.

Goswami S, Angkasekwinai P, Shan M, Greenlee KJ, Barranco WT, Polikepahad S, Seryshev A, Song LZ, Redding D, Singh B, Sur S, Woodruff P, Dong C, Corry DB, Kheradmand F. Divergent functions for airway epithelial matrix metalloproteinase 7 and retinoic acid in experimental asthma. Nat Immunol. 2009 May; 10(5):496-503.

Seibold MA, Donnelly S, Solon M, Innes A, Woodruff PG, Boot RG, Burchard EG, Fahy JV. Chitotriosidase is the primary active chitinase in the human lung and is modulated by genotype and smoking habit. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Nov; 122(5):944-950.e3.

Schane RE, Walter LC, Dinno A, Covinsky KE, Woodruff PG. Prevalence and risk factors for depressive symptoms in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Gen Intern Med. 2008 Nov; 23(11):1757-62.

Woodruff PG. Gene expression in asthmatic airway smooth muscle. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2008 Jan 01; 5(1):113-8.

Panettieri RA, Kotlikoff MI, Gerthoffer WT, Hershenson MB, Woodruff PG, Hall IP, Banks-Schlegel S. Airway smooth muscle in bronchial tone, inflammation, and remodeling: basic knowledge to clinical relevance. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Feb 01; 177(3):248-52.

Woodruff PG, Boushey HA, Dolganov GM, Barker CS, Yang YH, Donnelly S, Ellwanger A, Sidhu SS, Dao-Pick TP, Pantoja C, Erle DJ, Yamamoto KR, Fahy JV. Genome-wide profiling identifies epithelial cell genes associated with asthma and with treatment response to corticosteroids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Oct 02; 104(40):15858-63.

Innes AL, Woodruff PG, Ferrando RE, Donnelly S, Dolganov GM, Lazarus SC, Fahy JV. Epithelial mucin stores are increased in the large airways of smokers with airflow obstruction. Chest. 2006 Oct; 130(4):1102-8.

Woodruff PG, Koth LL, Yang YH, Rodriguez MW, Favoreto S, Dolganov GM, Paquet AC, Erle DJ. A distinctive alveolar macrophage activation state induced by cigarette smoking. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005 Dec 01; 172(11):1383-92.

Kuperman DA, Lewis CC, Woodruff PG, Rodriguez MW, Yang YH, Dolganov GM, Fahy JV, Erle DJ. Dissecting asthma using focused transgenic modeling and functional genomics. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005 Aug; 116(2):305-11.

Kotlikoff MI, Kannan MS, Solway J, Deng KY, Deshpande DA, Dowell M, Feldman M, Green KS, Ji G, Johnston R, Lakser O, Lee J, Lund FE, Milla C, Mitchell RW, Nakai J, Rishniw M, Walseth TF, White TA, Wilson J, Xin HB, Woodruff PG. Methodologic advancements in the study of airway smooth muscle. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Aug; 114(2 Suppl):S18-31.

Kalayci O, Sonna LA, Woodruff PG, Camargo CA, Luster AD, Lilly CM. Monocyte chemotactic protein-4 (MCP-4; CCL-13): a biomarker of asthma. J Asthma. 2004 Feb; 41(1):27-33.

Woodruff PG, Dolganov GM, Ferrando RE, Donnelly S, Hays SR, Solberg OD, Carter R, Wong HH, Cadbury PS, Fahy JV. Hyperplasia of smooth muscle in mild to moderate asthma without changes in cell size or gene expression. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 May 01; 169(9):1001-6.

Ferrando RE, Nyengaard JR, Hays SR, Fahy JV, Woodruff PG. Applying stereology to measure thickness of the basement membrane zone in bronchial biopsy specimens. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Dec; 112(6):1243-5.

Silverman RA, Boudreaux ED, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA. Cigarette smoking among asthmatic adults presenting to 64 emergency departments. Chest. 2003 May; 123(5):1472-9.

Ferris TG, Blumenthal D, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA. Insurance and quality of care for adults with acute asthma. J Gen Intern Med. 2002 Dec; 17(12):905-13.

Weber EJ, Silverman RA, Callaham ML, Pollack CV, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA. A prospective multicenter study of factors associated with hospital admission among adults with acute asthma. Am J Med. 2002 Oct 01; 113(5):371-8.

Pollack CV, Pollack ES, Baren JM, Smith SR, Woodruff PG, Clark S, Camargo CA. A prospective multicenter study of patient factors associated with hospital admission from the emergency department among children with acute asthma. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Sep; 156(9):934-40.

Woodruff PG, Fahy JV. Airway remodeling in asthma. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Aug; 23(4):361-7.

Woodruff PG, Fahy JV. A role for neutrophils in asthma? Am J Med. 2002 Apr 15; 112(6):498-500.

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