Brian Graham, MD

Professor

I am the Division Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, and a Professor in Residence at UCSF. My primary clinical and research interest is in pulmonary hypertension.
Education
2021 - Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Training, University of California
06/2010 - Pulmonary-Critical Care Fellowship, University of Colorado
06/2007 - Internal Medicine Residency, University of Colorado
MD, 06/2004 - Medicine, Harvard
MEng, 06/2000 - Electrical Engineering, MIT
SB, 06/2000 - Electrical Engineering, MIT
Honors and Awards
  • John F. Murray, MD Distinguished Professorship in Pulmonary Medicine, UCSF, 2020
  • Jo Rae Wright Award for Scientific Excellence, Parker B Francis Foundation, 2016
Publications
  1. Kassa B, Kumar R, Mickael C, Sanders L, Vohwinkel C, Lee MH, Gu S, Poth JM, Stenmark KR, Zhao YY, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Endothelial cell PHD2-HIF1α-PFKFB3 contributes to right ventricle vascular adaptation in pulmonary hypertension. 2021. PMID: 34346780


  2. Rahaghi FN, Hilton JF, Corrêa RA, Loureiro C, Ota-Arakaki JS, Verrastro CGY, Lee MH, Mickael C, Nardelli P, Systrom DA, Waxman AB, Washko GR, San José Estépar R, Graham BB, Oliveira RKF. Arterial Vascular Volume Changes with Hemodynamics in Schistosomiasis Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. 2021. PMID: 33446601


  3. Florentin J, Zhao J, Tai YY, Vasamsetti SB, O'Neil SP, Kumar R, Arunkumar A, Watson A, Sembrat J, Bullock GC, Sanders L, Kassa B, Rojas M, Graham BB, Chan SY, Dutta P. Interleukin-6 mediates neutrophil mobilization from bone marrow in pulmonary hypertension. 2021. PMID: 33420357


  4. Sibomana JP, Campeche A, Carvalho-Filho RJ, Correa RA, Duani H, Pacheco Guimaraes V, Hilton JF, Kassa B, Kumar R, Lee MH, Loureiro CMC, Mazimba S, Mickael C, Oliveira RKF, Ota-Arakaki JS, Rezende CF, Silva LCS, Sinkala E, Ahmed HY, Graham BB. Schistosomiasis Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. 2020. PMID: 33362796


  5. Kumar R, Lee MH, Mickael C, Kassa B, Pasha Q, Tuder R, Graham B. Pathophysiology and potential future therapeutic targets using preclinical models of COVID-19. 2020. PMID: 33313306


  6. Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Sanders L, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Koyanagi DE, Kumar S, Pugliese SC, Thomas S, McClendon J, Maloney JP, Janssen WJ, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Interstitial Macrophage-Derived Thrombospondin-1 Contributes to Hypoxia-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension. 2019. PMID: 31710666


  7. Chanana N, Palmo T, Sharma K, Kumar R, Graham BB, Pasha Q. Sex-derived attributes contributing to SARS-CoV-2 mortality. 2020. PMID: 32726128


  8. Hernandez-Saavedra D, Sanders L, Freeman S, Reisz JA, Lee MH, Mickael C, Kumar R, Kassa B, Gu S, D' Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Publisher Correction: Stable isotope metabolomics of pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells in pulmonary hypertension and with TGF-beta treatment. Volume 10 of Issue 1. 2020. PMID: 32132567


  9. Hernandez-Saavedra D, Sanders L, Freeman S, Reisz JA, Lee MH, Mickael C, Kumar R, Kassa B, Gu S, Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Stable isotope metabolomics of pulmonary artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells in pulmonary hypertension and with TGF-beta treatment. Volume 10 of Issue 1. 2020. PMID: 31942023


  10. Hu CJ, Poth JM, Zhang H, Flockton A, Laux A, Kumar S, McKeon B, Mouradian G, Li M, Riddle S, Pugliese SC, Brown RD, Wallace EM, Graham BB, Frid MG, Stenmark KR. Suppression of HIF2 signalling attenuates the initiation of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Volume 54 of Issue 6. 2019. PMID: 31515405


  11. Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Sanders L, Koyanagi D, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Freeman S, Morales-Cano D, Cogolludo A, McKee AS, Fontenot AP, Butrous G, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Th2 CD4+ T Cells Are Necessary and Sufficient for Schistosoma-Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 8 of Issue 15. 2019. PMID: 31339057


  12. Botoni FA, Marinho CC, Carvalho VT, Mickael CS, Graham BB. A retrospective study of schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary hypertension from an endemic area in Brazil. Volume 24. 2019. PMID: 31334331


  13. Mickael C, Kumar R, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Kassa B, Sanders L, Koyanagi D, Gu S, Lee MH, Tuder RM, Graham BB. IL-6Ra in Smooth Muscle Cells Protects against Schistosoma- and Hypoxia-induced Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 61 of Issue 1. 2019. PMID: 31259624


  14. Stearman RS, Bui QM, Speyer G, Handen A, Cornelius AR, Graham BB, Kim S, Mickler EA, Tuder RM, Chan SY, Geraci MW. Systems Analysis of the Human Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Lung Transcriptome. Volume 60 of Issue 6. 2019. PMID: 30562042


  15. Yu Q, Tai YY, Tang Y, Zhao J, Negi V, Culley MK, Pilli J, Sun W, Brugger K, Mayr J, Saggar R, Saggar R, Wallace WD, Ross DJ, Waxman AB, Wendell SG, Mullett SJ, Sembrat J, Rojas M, Khan OF, Dahlman JE, Sugahara M, Kagiyama N, Satoh T, Zhang M, Feng N, Gorcsan J, Vargas SO, Haley KJ, Kumar R, Graham BB, Langer R, Anderson DG, Wang B, Shiva S, Bertero T, Chan SY. BOLA (BolA Family Member 3) Deficiency Controls Endothelial Metabolism and Glycine Homeostasis in Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 139 of Issue 19. 2019. PMID: 30759996


  16. Mickael C, Lee MH, Gu S, Graham BB. Comparing pulmonary hypertension severity between rat strains suggests right ventricle NK cells are protective. Volume 115 of Issue 4. 2019. PMID: 30517607


  17. Mickael CS, Graham BB. The Role of Type 2 Inflammation in Schistosoma-Induced Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 10. 2019. PMID: 30733718


  18. Gu S, Kumar R, Lee MH, Mickael C, Graham BB. Common genetic variants in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Volume 7 of Issue 3. 2018. PMID: 30527955


  19. Kassa B, Mickael C, Kumar R, Sanders L, Koyanagi D, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Paclitaxel blocks Th2-mediated TGF-ß activation in Schistosoma mansoni-induced pulmonary hypertension. Volume 9 of Issue 1. 2018. PMID: 30511588


  20. Graham BB, Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Koyanagi D, Sanders L, Zhang L, Perez M, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Valencia C, Dixon K, Harral J, Loomis Z, Irwin D, Nemkov T, D'Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM. Vascular Adaptation of the Right Ventricle in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 59 of Issue 4. 2018. PMID: 29851508


  21. Samokhin AO, Stephens T, Wertheim BM, Wang RS, Vargas SO, Yung LM, Cao M, Brown M, Arons E, Dieffenbach PB, Fewell JG, Matar M, Bowman FP, Haley KJ, Alba GA, Marino SM, Kumar R, Rosas IO, Waxman AB, Oldham WM, Khanna D, Graham BB, Seo S, Gladyshev VN, Yu PB, Fredenburgh LE, Loscalzo J, Leopold JA, Maron BA. NEDD9 targets COL3A1 to promote endothelial fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Volume 10 of Issue 445. 2018. PMID: 29899023


  22. Tamosiuniene R, Manouvakhova O, Mesange P, Saito T, Qian J, Sanyal M, Lin YC, Nguyen LP, Luria A, Tu AB, Sante JM, Rabinovitch M, Fitzgerald DJ, Graham BB, Habtezion A, Voelkel NF, Aurelian L, Nicolls MR. Dominant Role for Regulatory T Cells in Protecting Females Against Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 122 of Issue 12. 2018. PMID: 29545367


  23. Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Graham BB, Tuder RM. Dynamic and diverse changes in the functional properties of vascular smooth muscle cells in pulmonary hypertension. Volume 114 of Issue 4. 2018. PMID: 29385432


  24. Graham BB, Koyanagi D, Kandasamy B, Tuder RM. Right Ventricle Vasculature in Human Pulmonary Hypertension Assessed by Stereology. Volume 196 of Issue 8. 2017. PMID: 28278380


  25. Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Gebreab L, Robinson JC, Koyanagi DE, Sanders L, Barthel L, Meadows C, Fox D, Irwin D, Li M, McKeon BA, Riddle S, Dale Brown R, Morgan LE, Evans CM, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Bandeira A, Maloney JP, Bull TM, Janssen WJ, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. TGF-ß activation by bone marrow-derived thrombospondin-1 causes Schistosoma- and hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Volume 8. 2017. PMID: 28555642


  26. Pugliese SC, Kumar S, Janssen WJ, Graham BB, Frid MG, Riddle SR, El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. A Time- and Compartment-Specific Activation of Lung Macrophages in Hypoxic Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 198 of Issue 12. 2017. PMID: 28500078


  27. Ali Z, Kosanovic D, Kolosionek E, Schermuly RT, Graham BB, Mathie A, Butrous G. Enhanced inflammatory cell profiles in schistosomiasis-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling. Volume 7 of Issue 1. 2017. PMID: 28680583


  28. Graham BB, Robinson JC, Tuder RM. Fatty Acid Metabolism, Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptor Type 2, and the Right Ventricle. Volume 194 of Issue 6. 2016. PMID: 27628075


  29. Xu W, Ghosh S, Comhair SA, Asosingh K, Janocha AJ, Mavrakis DA, Bennett CD, Gruca LL, Graham BB, Queisser KA, Kao CC, Wedes SH, Petrich JM, Tuder RM, Kalhan SC, Erzurum SC. Increased mitochondrial arginine metabolism supports bioenergetics in asthma. Volume 126 of Issue 7. 2016. PMID: 27214549


  30. Bertero T, Cottrill KA, Lu Y, Haeger CM, Dieffenbach P, Annis S, Hale A, Bhat B, Kaimal V, Zhang YY, Graham BB, Kumar R, Saggar R, Saggar R, Wallace WD, Ross DJ, Black SM, Fratz S, Fineman JR, Vargas SO, Haley KJ, Waxman AB, Chau BN, Fredenburgh LE, Chan SY. Matrix Remodeling Promotes Pulmonary Hypertension through Feedback Mechanoactivation of the YAP/TAZ-miR-130/301 Circuit. Volume 13 of Issue 5. 2015. PMID: 26565914


  31. Kumar R, Mickael C, Chabon J, Gebreab L, Rutebemberwa A, Garcia AR, Koyanagi DE, Sanders L, Gandjeva A, Kearns MT, Barthel L, Janssen WJ, Mauad T, Bandeira A, Schmidt E, Tuder RM, Graham BB. The Causal Role of IL-4 and IL-13 in Schistosoma mansoni Pulmonary Hypertension. Volume 192 of Issue 8. 2015. PMID: 26192556


  32. Graham BB, Kumar R, Mickael C, Sanders L, Gebreab L, Huber KM, Perez M, Smith-Jones P, Serkova NJ, Tuder RM. Severe pulmonary hypertension is associated with altered right ventricle metabolic substrate uptake. Volume 309 of Issue 5. 2015. PMID: 26115672


  33. White K, Lu Y, Annis S, Hale AE, Chau BN, Dahlman JE, Hemann C, Opotowsky AR, Vargas SO, Rosas I, Perrella MA, Osorio JC, Haley KJ, Graham BB, Kumar R, Saggar R, Saggar R, Wallace WD, Ross DJ, Khan OF, Bader A, Gochuico BR, Matar M, Polach K, Johannessen NM, Prosser HM, Anderson DG, Langer R, Zweier JL, Bindoff LA, Systrom D, Waxman AB, Jin RC, Chan SY. Genetic and hypoxic alterations of the microRNA-210-ISCU1/2 axis promote iron-sulfur deficiency and pulmonary hypertension. Volume 7 of Issue 6. 2015. PMID: 25825391


  34. Robinson JC, Graham BB, Rouault TC, Tuder RM. The crossroads of iron with hypoxia and cellular metabolism. Implications in the pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension. Volume 51 of Issue 6. 2014. PMID: 24988529


  35. Graham BB, Kumar R. Schistosomiasis and the pulmonary vasculature (2013 Grover Conference series). Volume 4 of Issue 3. 2014. PMID: 25621148


  36. Nadon AM, Perez MJ, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Smith LP, Yang Y, Sanders LA, Gandjeva A, Chabon J, Koyanagi DE, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Schmidt EP. Rtp801 suppression of epithelial mTORC1 augments endotoxin-induced lung inflammation. Volume 184 of Issue 9. 2014. PMID: 25016184


  37. Bertero T, Lu Y, Annis S, Hale A, Bhat B, Saggar R, Saggar R, Wallace WD, Ross DJ, Vargas SO, Graham BB, Kumar R, Black SM, Fratz S, Fineman JR, West JD, Haley KJ, Waxman AB, Chau BN, Cottrill KA, Chan SY. Systems-level regulation of microRNA networks by miR-130/301 promotes pulmonary hypertension. Volume 124 of Issue 8. 2014. PMID: 24960162


  38. El Kasmi KC, Pugliese SC, Riddle SR, Poth JM, Anderson AL, Frid MG, Li M, Pullamsetti SS, Savai R, Nagel MA, Fini MA, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Friedman JE, Eltzschig HK, Sokol RJ, Stenmark KR. Adventitial fibroblasts induce a distinct proinflammatory/profibrotic macrophage phenotype in pulmonary hypertension. Volume 193 of Issue 2. 2014. PMID: 24928992


  39. Chabon JJ, Gebreab L, Kumar R, Debella E, Tanaka T, Koyanagi D, Rodriguez Garcia A, Sanders L, Perez M, Tuder RM, Graham BB. Role of vascular endothelial growth factor signaling in Schistosoma-induced experimental pulmonary hypertension. Volume 4 of Issue 2. 2014. PMID: 25006448


  40. Stearman RS, Cornelius AR, Lu X, Conklin DS, Del Rosario MJ, Lowe AM, Elos MT, Fettig LM, Wong RE, Hara N, Cogan JD, Phillips JA, Taylor MR, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Loyd JE, Geraci MW. Functional prostacyclin synthase promoter polymorphisms. Impact in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Volume 189 of Issue 9. 2014. PMID: 24605778


  41. Tuder RM, Robinson JC, Graham BB. Fat and cardiotoxicity in hereditary pulmonary hypertension. Volume 189 of Issue 3. 2014. PMID: 24484329


  42. Graham BB, Chabon J, Kumar R, Kolosionek E, Gebreab L, Debella E, Edwards M, Diener K, Shade T, Bifeng G, Bandeira A, Butrous G, Jones K, Geraci M, Tuder RM. Protective role of IL-6 in vascular remodeling in Schistosoma pulmonary hypertension. Volume 49 of Issue 6. 2013. PMID: 23815102


  43. Macht M, Robinson JC, Graham BB. Updated approach for the assessment of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Volume 41 of Issue 11. 2013. PMID: 24162675


  44. Tuder RM, Stacher E, Robinson J, Kumar R, Graham BB. Pathology of pulmonary hypertension. Volume 34 of Issue 4. 2013. PMID: 24267295


  45. Hunt JM, Bethea B, Liu X, Gandjeva A, Mammen PP, Stacher E, Gandjeva MR, Parish E, Perez M, Smith L, Graham BB, Kuebler WM, Tuder RM. Pulmonary veins in the normal lung and pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease. Volume 305 of Issue 10. 2013. PMID: 24039255


  46. Graham BB, Chabon J, Gebreab L, Poole J, Debella E, Davis L, Tanaka T, Sanders L, Dropcho N, Bandeira A, Vandivier RW, Champion HC, Butrous G, Wang XJ, Wynn TA, Tuder RM. Transforming growth factor-ß signaling promotes pulmonary hypertension caused by Schistosoma mansoni. Volume 128 of Issue 12. 2013. PMID: 23958565


  47. Dorosz JL, Fonseca BM, Kay JD, Graham BB, Salcedo EE, Quaife RA. A sinus venosus atrial septal defect is diagnosed by echocardiography with an unusual bubble study. Volume 30 of Issue 6. 2013. PMID: 23551148


  48. Kolosionek E, King J, Rollinson D, Schermuly RT, Grimminger F, Graham BB, Morrell N, Butrous G. Schistosomiasis causes remodeling of pulmonary vessels in the lung in a heterogeneous localized manner: Detailed study. Volume 3 of Issue 2. 2013. PMID: 24015336


  49. Ghosh MC, Zhang DL, Jeong SY, Kovtunovych G, Ollivierre-Wilson H, Noguchi A, Tu T, Senecal T, Robinson G, Crooks DR, Tong WH, Ramaswamy K, Singh A, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Yu ZX, Eckhaus M, Lee J, Springer DA, Rouault TA. Deletion of iron regulatory protein 1 causes polycythemia and pulmonary hypertension in mice through translational derepression of HIF2a. Volume 17 of Issue 2. 2013. PMID: 23395173


  50. Lundgrin EL, Park MM, Sharp J, Tang WH, Thomas JD, Asosingh K, Comhair SA, DiFilippo FP, Neumann DR, Davis L, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Dostanic I, Erzurum SC. Fasting 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography to detect metabolic changes in pulmonary arterial hypertension hearts over 1 year. Volume 10 of Issue 1. 2013. PMID: 23509326


  51. Stacher E, Graham BB, Hunt JM, Gandjeva A, Groshong SD, McLaughlin VV, Jessup M, Grizzle WE, Aldred MA, Cool CD, Tuder RM. Modern age pathology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Volume 186 of Issue 3. 2012. PMID: 22679007


  52. Tuder RM, Davis LA, Graham BB. Targeting energetic metabolism: a new frontier in the pathogenesis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension. Volume 185 of Issue 3. 2011. PMID: 22077069


  53. Graham BB, Chabon J, Bandeira A, Espinheira L, Butrous G, Tuder RM. Significant intrapulmonary Schistosoma egg antigens are not present in schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary hypertension. Volume 1 of Issue 4. 2011. PMID: 22530100


  54. Graham BB, Mentink-Kane MM, El-Haddad H, Purnell S, Zhang L, Zaiman A, Redente EF, Riches DW, Hassoun PM, Bandeira A, Champion HC, Butrous G, Wynn TA, Tuder RM. Schistosomiasis-induced experimental pulmonary hypertension: role of interleukin-13 signaling. Volume 177 of Issue 3. 2010. PMID: 20671265


  55. Cole BB, Smith RW, Jenkins KM, Graham BB, Reynolds PR, Reynolds SD. Tracheal Basal cells: a facultative progenitor cell pool. Volume 177 of Issue 1. 2010. PMID: 20522644


  56. Graham BB, Bandeira AP, Morrell NW, Butrous G, Tuder RM. Schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary hypertension: pulmonary vascular disease: the global perspective. Volume 137 of Issue 6 Suppl. 2010. PMID: 20522577


  57. Graham BB, Keniston A, Gajic O, Trillo Alvarez CA, Medvedev S, Douglas IS. Diabetes mellitus does not adversely affect outcomes from a critical illness. Volume 38 of Issue 1. 2010. PMID: 19789450


  58. Graham BB, Tuder RM. [Pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension]. Volume 89 of Issue 30. 2009. PMID: 20058607


  59. Borges VM, Vandivier RW, McPhillips KA, Kench JA, Morimoto K, Groshong SD, Richens TR, Graham BB, Muldrow AM, Van Heule L, Henson PM, Janssen WJ. TNFalpha inhibits apoptotic cell clearance in the lung, exacerbating acute inflammation. Volume 297 of Issue 4. 2009. PMID: 19648283


  60. Graham BB, Kaul DR, Saint S, Janssen WJ. Clinical problem-solving. Kiss of death. Volume 360 of Issue 24. 2009. PMID: 19516037


  61. Graham BB, Burnham EL, Janssen JS, Janssen WJ. Dyspnea, chest pain, and altered mental status in a 33-year-old carpenter. Volume 134 of Issue 5. 2008. PMID: 18988783


  62. Tuder RM, Yun JH, Graham BB. Cigarette smoke triggers code red: p21CIP1/WAF1/SDI1 switches on danger responses in the lung. Volume 39 of Issue 1. 2008. PMID: 18441278


  63. Graham BB, Mathisen DJ, Mark EJ, Takvorian RW. Primary pulmonary lymphoma. Volume 80 of Issue 4. 2005. PMID: 16181848


  64. Graham BB, Varvares MA. End-to-side venous anastomosis with the internal jugular vein stump: a preliminary report. Volume 26 of Issue 6. 2004. PMID: 15162355


  65. Wright CD, Graham BB, Grillo HC, Wain JC, Mathisen DJ. Pediatric tracheal surgery. Volume 74 of Issue 2. 2002. PMID: 12173805